Specialists of the Department for Pharmaceuticals of the All-Russian State Center for Quality and Standardization of Veterinary Drugs and Feed (FGBI “VGNKI”), Renat Salimov, Alexander Kulikovsky and Dmitry Makarov, took part in the second roundtable discussion on “Antimicrobial resistance: action plan implementation”, which was held in the Residence of the British Ambassador in Moscow.
During the meeting the Russian and British experts in human medicine, veterinary medicine, and pharmacology discussed different aspects of antimicrobial resistance problem: use of antimicrobials and resistance in domestic medicine, development and promotion of new antibiotics, resistance to antiviral and antimicrobial agents, genetic research and other topics. Special attention was given to development and implementation of global strategies on resistance control at all levels.
FGBI “VGNKI” presentation (D.A. Makarov, R.N. Selimov, A.V. Kulikovsky, A.A. Komarov) was devoted to scientific data on association between veterinary use of antibiotics and resistance in veterinary and human medicine. FGBI “VGNKI” made suggestions for the national strategy on reduction of resistance and articulated basic provisions of the national monitoring programme in the field of veterinary medicine.
Scientific data indicate that veterinary use of antimicrobials is the key reason resistant microorganisms occur on farms.
These resistant pathogens infect people through food, contact with animals and environment. Scientific tests confirm that reduction in antibiotic use in animal production can result in lower resistance level. Some European countries (for example, Denmark, Germany, France, Belgium) are successfully implementing programmes on decrease in veterinary use of antimicrobials, especially of most important drugs.
This year the FGBI “VGNKI” is planning to perform large scale tests for sensitivity of zoonotic bacteria recovered from samples of food products and biological material from the entire territory of the country within resistance monitoring. Further on the Institution can act as a reference laboratory providing training for the Rosselkhoznadzor regional laboratories collecting and processing data from the entire country for their subsequent forwarding to the OIE and other international organizations.
Basing on international – primarily European – experience, the FGBI VGNKI finds it necessary to include the following measures into the Russian strategy of antimicrobial safety provision: improvement of recording system for antibiotic use in livestock production, decrease in veterinary use of antimicrobials (introduction of drug prescription, ban for use as growth promoters), development of alternative control methods, and infection prevention.
At the end of the event the experts from Great Britain stressed importance of Russian-British cooperation and experience exchange, as well as improvement of cooperation between different authorities within the Russian Federation. British colleagues expressed hope for transfer of data on antimicrobial resistance monitoring in the RF to the international organizations.