Facing challenging goals The goal of the poultry industry is to provide consumers with safe food, while promoting poultry health and welfare, in addition to carefully...
Happy birds produce best. Aviary systems were invented to provide laying hens with maximum freedom, while using floor space efficiently. Aviaries consist of multiple...
Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that affects warm-blooded animals and is able to cross-contaminate...
Humans are susceptible to this parasite in a variety of ways: congenital defects, blood-to-blood contact, undercooked meats of infected animals, and contaminated water. In...
The poultry housing and equipment industry continues to develop, introducing new technologies in line with trends in modern communications and ventilation systems. As expected...
Heaping of used poultry litter reliably induces significant elevations in temperature due to the actions of variety of aerobic bacteria and fungi. Temperatures typically...
Anatomy of the stomach The stomach of the chicken consists of two chambers, the proventriculus or glandular stomach and the gizzard or muscular stomach. The...
How to properly prevent cross-contamination in the hatchery. Here some easy steps to achieve a better biosecurity in your hatchery.
Turkey breeders have invested in selection methodologies to ensure the commercial cross is capable of delivering outstanding performance with good welfare under a variety...
Precision feeding is about providing the right amount of feed to the right bird at the right time. The precision broiler breeder feeding system developed at the University of Alberta is a sequential feeding system that considers whether one bird at a time qualifies for feed.
Hen nutrition is a key component for good chick viability, welfare, growth, and meat yields. This paper covers some historical and current research on hen feeding to impact progeny, and how the U.S. breeder nutritionist is poised to implement some of these opportunities in the current market conditions.
Mycotoxins are metabolites produced by molds (fungi) that can infest crops pre-harvest and can continue to flourish under sub-optimal storage conditions. Grains with high...
In the first part of this article, there are described the different day-old chick quantitative traits: they are namely the chick weight, the chick yield, chick length and feather length. There are, however, methods that can help to measure the qualitative traits as objectively as possible, i.e. by reducing the individual subjectivity to a minimum.
Feather pecking and cannibalism are considered the most important problems in egg producing flocks. Despite extensive research during the last five decades the causes of these damaging behaviours have not been identified and the problem still persist.
Two experiments were conducted at the Aviagen product development center in the USA to study the effect of increased eggshell temperature during mid to late incubation on hatchability and chick quality
The 53rd Lohmann Tierzucht Franchise Distributor provided an opportunity to review the latest innovations in genetics and genomics. Prof. Dr. Rudolf outlined the main points of the company strategy in breeding.
A short guide to poultry lighting for layer farmers
A considerable proportion of the dietary nutrients consumed by poultry are excreted in the manure. This becomes an important issue on free-range farms, if...
In compliance with all the current national and European legal requirements, Specht has developed three different layers housing systems which are able to meet all poultry farmers’s needs.
Thermophilic Campylobacter spp. are among the leading bacterial causes of acute gastroenteritis worldwide and the etiologic agents of the most common food-borne zoonoses in the European Union (EU) since 2005. The actual number of cases is believed to be around 9 million each year. The cost to public health systems and to lost productivity in the EU is estimated to be around EUR 2.4 billion a year (EFSA, accessed 31st January 2015).
Turkey viral arthritis/tenosynovitis resembled viral arthritis in chickens and also had kind of reovirus aetiology.
Introduction The aim of every commercial layer hatchery is a maximum hatchability of first quality chicks. The evaluation of chick quality in the hatchery provides...
How to solve problems and difficulties you may encounter in a hatcher. Here are some Pas Reform’s hints and a Protocol for a good hatchery management.
Reviewing the state of knowledge on the most important welfare issues in layers housing: stocking density and group size, use of perches, litter, nests and free range.
Turkey production, as with all animal production, has been facing substantial economic challenges in recent years. Poor crop yields, higher competition for raw materials and increased pressure on the food supply chain have resulted in more variability in feed prices and an increased presence of more industrial by-products in feed formulations.
The microbial populations that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of birds play an important role in the establishment and maintenance of a healthy gut....
Water holding capacity (WHC) is defined as the ability of meat to hold its inherent and added moisture during fabrication, processing, and storage.
Phytase influences the inherently different starch digestive dynamics of wheat- and maize- based broiler...
Evaluating the inclusion of exogenous phytase in broiler diets based on wheat and maize to identify whether phytase has an effect on starch digestive dynamics.
There are various options for hatchery managers to convert their waste into value-added products such as compost, fertilizer, liming agents for soil amendment, biogas, medical products, and animal feed. This article explores some of these options.
New live monovalent vaccine is available from Ceva Animal Health to aid in the fight against the Georgia (GA) strains of infectious bronchitis virus...
Hot weather can have a negative impact on turkey performance. When turkeys are exposed to very high temperatures, especially for prolong periods of time,...
To realize sustainable environment and to produce safe foods, reduction of carbon foot prints, optimization of arable land and water uses, reduction in the use of antibiotics and pesticide are primary factors
The effects of avian mycoplasma infections are overt disease (often chronic), subclinical losses and antibiotic dependence. Routine administration of antibiotics in broilers at 18-22...
On the farm, the eggs cool down after laying and are either transported on the same day or stored for a few days before...
Consumers demand for cage-free egg production is growing worldwide. Europe already adopted cage free egg production systems and it seems that the US is following rapidly starting with Oregon, Washington. Also in New Zealand and Australia animal welfare is a main topic of discussion.
Dermanyssus gallinae represents a major concern for the poultry farmers and all working in poultry houses.
VALLI’s products not only live up to everything they promise but, above all, the solutions provided by the Italian company take into account all the issues involved in order to meet the requirements of an increasingly conscious and demanding customers.
Evaluation of chick quality in the hatchery and mortality in the field can be used to identify general problem areas: the incubator, the hatcher, or the environment after hatch.
As a future-focused business that serves the hatchery sector worldwide, Pas Reform has built its reputation as an innovator in single stage incubation technologies....
Researchers investigated the welfare implications of behavioural changes induced by varying light programs. Here the effects of light intensity on broiler welfare and productivity are reported.
Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) have been used to reduce or eliminate pathogen loads in poultry species. Reactive mannan receptor sites on the MOS provide binding...
The ProHealth project is focused on understanding the multi-factorial dimension of animal pathologies linked to production and use this to develop, evaluate and disseminate effective control strategies to reduce impact.
Recent research on bacteria-host interactions has provided new insights into the role of intestinal bacteria in several physiological processes, which vary from epithelial barrier development to immune properties. Gut health management in poultry and turkey farms implies feeding the good microbiota as a vital component.
Among the various immunogenic ingredients, β-mannanase can improve live performance and uniformity in broilers.
TEXHA housing alternative system BALTIKA meets all the European requirements and has already been implemented by the European poultry farms
At the International Rendering Symposium, held in conjunction with the 2017 International Production & Processing Expo in Atlanta, Ga, it was stressed how rendering is an important aspect of sustainability. Animal agriculture in general is more sustainable with rendering processes.
Efficient heating allows farmers to bring more fresh air into the barn and maintain a better air quality with lower ammonia and moisture levels, which will greatly benefit birds’ health and food quality.
SKA of Italy offers a wide range of solutions for layer farming, ranging from aviary systems to communal nesting systems. Each one proven and tested to deliver excellent field results.
What happens when the eggs are placed with the air cell down? This report examines the hatchability of eggs placed with small end up.
To celebrate its 70-year success story and launch its new company logo, H&N gathered its distributors and customers in a two-day event in Bangkok. All these customers shared the same vision and experience: H&N layers are persistent and highly productive. Moreover they produce high quality eggs, meeting the demands of modern consumers.
Geneticists making selection decisions actively pursue those birds that are genetically superior for key traits that influence their welfare.
Unfortunately, ND disease cannot be differentiated from infectious bronchitis and some of the other respiratory infections, except by laboratory methods. So it is very difficult to recognize it at first sight. There is no treatment for it but Good “biosecurity” practices will help reduce the possibility of exposure to the virus.
Virus-induced enteric infections occur in birds of all age groups causing severe damage to poultry farmers.
The mechanism to explain why vitamin E deposits poorly into turkey muscle is not clearly understood. Research to better understand the mechanism of poor vitamin E accumulation in turkey muscle may lead to strategies to better incorporate vitamin E into muscle, thereby decreasing lipid oxidation during storage.
The demand for free-range chicken meat is increasing. Free-range products are usually perceived as more welfare friendly by consumers and particularly fulfil the belief that the ability to perform natural behaviour leads to better welfare.
Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) alters host genomic methylation patterns: implications for viral release...
Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) is an affliction of poultry production worldwide with mortality in an infected flock ranging to as much as 60% depending on age at infection and virulence of the causative pathogenic agent, Infectious Bursal Disease virus (IBDV).
Free-range layer housing has grown quickly in the past 10 years. A review was undertaken to identify some of the key drivers for change in the free-range poultry industry. The drivers identified were food safety, biosecurity, bird health, retailer and consumer demand, global influences and sustainability.
It has been well established that nutrient deficiencies or imbalances increase the risk of feather pecking in layer hens (Kjaer and Bessei, 2013). Marginal...
The health of turkey breeders is critical to ensure the economic production of high quality fertile hatching eggs to produce poults which can be raised without antibiotics.
To meet the needs of an additional three billion people over the next 35 years and to prevent further escalation of global poverty, agricultural production must double during this time. In meeting the increased demand for food, the interdependence between water, food and energy will become more evident and highlight resource insecurities.
Latest advice to install a hatchery’s electrical system: a key point to optimising incubation and other related processes.
With the limited availability and rising cost of energy, and the increasing tendency to minimize the total amount of resources used for human food production, artificial cooling of broiler houses is also becoming an economical and political burden in developed countries. Breeding heat-tolerant broilers may offer a sustainable approach to mitigate the negative effects of heat on broiler production.
The rearing phase of a laying hen’s life is essential to achieve the maximum genetic potential. Uniform pullets meeting target body weights will have the frame and bone structure necessary to produce large numbers of high quality eggs.
From an evolutionary standpoint, fear is an adaptive response that promotes survival by enabling animals to avoid injury and death. Because of the important impact that fear has on animal well-being, fear has formed the basis of many scientific studies and is included as part of welfare assessment programs such as the Welfare Quality Assessment Protocol for poultry.
There are a number of things to evaluate when developing a non AGP program. In the poultry industry, we need to move toward a better understanding of the bacterial populations in the lower gastrointestinal tract to further develop poultry feeding programs to reduce the loss in production without the use of an AGP.
As the days are getting shorter, the temperatures are getting colder as well in the Northern parts of the world. The cold itself wouldnâ€™t...
Facco offers practical, economical and environmentally-friendly solutions for the world wide poultry industry through a complete line of poultry cutting-edge technology equipment.
Marel Poultry is global supplier of innovative inline poultry processing equipment for broilers, turkeys and ducks, providing solutions for all process stages and all capacity levels. Now Marel Poultry developed the Stork Nuova CoreTech eviscerator to operate in emerging markets or in markets with specific or religious requirements.
Taking water quality seriously could pay dividends with healthier birds, better feed conversions and reduced production costs.
Phosphorus scarcity is a serious threat to food security. Recent studies indicate that phosphorus demand could outstrip finite supplies of high quality phosphatesometime between 2025-2084 if no fundamental changes are made to the current trajectory.
Lohmann Tierzucht have their headquarters in Cuxhaven, Germany and are one of the most important worldwide specialists in the field of layer breeding. A LTZ pedigree breeding centre is situated in York, Ontario, Canada. And the 52nd Franchise Distributors Meeting of the Lohmann Tierzucht was held in Niagara Falls, Canada, for showing this important pedigree breeding centre.
When poults are received at a farm from the hatchery they should be good quality poults; namely, free from physical defects, actively looking for...
Effects of dietary tryptophan and stocking density on the performance, meat quality, and metabolic...
Investigating the effect of TRP supplementation on performance, breast meat quality, and the oxidative stress status of broilers reared in cages under high stocking density.
What does it take to control litter moisture during cold weather? Quite simply it requires three things: fresh air, heat, and air movement. Fresh...
The transition from conventional cages to furnished cages and non-cage systems in the European Union has resulted in increased space per bird and access to nests, perches and litter.
Is there any place for animal welfare in a world concerned with providing enough food for humans, mitigating climate change and trying to preserve biodiversity? This is the key question the poultry industry needs to face in the next years.
Salmonella is a major zoonotic foodborne pathogen causing gastric illness worldwide. Egg or egg product related Salmonella poisoning is a major concern for the egg industry. Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) is the most frequently reported serovar in egg related food poisoning outbreaks in Australia
Feeding low protein diets formulated to provide all the required amino acids without excesses may reduce putrefaction and therefore the production of toxic and odorous metabolites in the hindgut and litter.
CO2 – the by-product of embryo metabolism - is commonly monitored and measured in hatcheries to provide profiles for adjusting ventilation during incubation.
Determining the effects of broiler slaughter weight on fatty acid content might be beneficial to practical applications to produce broiler meat with the quality requested by consumers.
The term ”Light Turkey Syndrome”(LTS) has been used to describe poor performing flocks relative to poor weight at market age also characterized by appearance in the turkey flocks of a subpopulation of birds that are stunted in body weight.
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