Light intensity measurement – Led lights

Light intensity can be measured in three ways: luminous intensity, luminous flux and luminous power. Led Lights are here analyzed. Luminous flux is the total...

Hen feeding for progeny: current research and U.S. field perspectives

Hen nutrition is a key component for good chick viability, welfare, growth, and meat yields. This paper covers some historical and current research on hen feeding to impact progeny, and how the U.S. breeder nutritionist is poised to implement some of these opportunities in the current market conditions.

Sual identification of potential feather pecking using plumage cover metrics and feather con-sumption in...

Feather pecking behaviour is common in floor-housed laying hens a behavior, which is positively associated with developing feather pecking habits. It has been suggested...

Healthy water, healthy birds

Dr. Susan Watkins, Samantha Cox and Pramir Maharjan Center of Excellence for Poultry Science Division of Agriculture University of Arkansas Since birds consume as much water...

Laying hen nutrition for optimizing egg production and quality

Hen nutrition is important; during the initial period of pullet rearing (<45 days of age), small particle size obtained by grinding of main cereals...

Review of different day-old chick quality parameters in layer type breeds

In the first part of this article, there are described the different day-old chick quantitative traits: they are namely the chick weight, the chick yield, chick length and feather length. There are, however, methods that can help to measure the qualitative traits as objectively as possible, i.e. by reducing the individual subjectivity to a minimum.

SPIDES, short periods of incubation during egg storage

Why SPIDES is so important in incubation? If hatching eggs are stored for more than a week before being set in an incubator their...

Managing coccidiosis in birds raised without antibiotics

For poultry producers to make a profit they must have healthy, uniform sized birds, make sure there are no real or assumed human health...

ERPA, the European rural poultry association to defend rural poultry producers

Rural poultry production is important in volume and has a large social role; it was therefore essential to have a specific organization to represent...

Potential wooden breast syndrome causes in broilers

USPOULTRY and the USPOULTRY Foundation announce the completion of a funded research project at the University of Delaware in Newark, Del., in which researchers...

Options for cooling turkeys in hot weather

Hot weather can have a negative impact on turkey performance. When turkeys are exposed to very high temperatures, especially for prolong periods of time,...

New applications such as superdosing of phytase to maximize phytate destruction to improve performance...

It is well documented that phytase supplementation in broiler diets improves P and Ca utilization through the destruction of phytate (IP6) and thereby allows...

Dissecting light turkey syndrome

The term ”Light Turkey Syndrome”(LTS) has been used to describe poor performing flocks relative to poor weight at market age also characterized by appearance in the turkey flocks of a subpopulation of birds that are stunted in body weight.

Housing systems in laying hen husbandry- Second Part

A status report This analysis is an abridged version of a report which the Author prepared for the International Egg Commission (IEC) in London, UK. In...

New technologies in housing, equipment and computer controls

The poultry housing and equipment industry continues to develop, introducing new technologies in line with trends in modern communications and ventilation systems. As expected...

The impact of raised incubation temperature on hatch, chick quality and broiler performance

Two experiments were conducted at the Aviagen product development center in the USA to study the effect of increased eggshell temperature during mid to late incubation on hatchability and chick quality

Measurement of energy utilization in chickens

Although corn prices have dropped from historic highs in the past years, energy continues to be one of the driving costs in poultry feeding....

Latest innovations and future advances in genetics at Lohmann Tierzucht

The 53rd Lohmann Tierzucht Franchise Distributor provided an opportunity to review the latest innovations in genetics and genomics. Prof. Dr. Rudolf outlined the main points of the company strategy in breeding.

Necrotic Enteritis, wet litter and odour: their interrelationship

Necrotic enteritis (NE) affected flocks have poor enteric health and nutrient digestibility leading to decreased performance and increased excretion of nutrients. Evidence suggests that...

How to house happy birds by Vencomatic Group

Happy birds produce best. Aviary systems were invented to provide laying hens with maximum freedom, while using floor space efficiently. Aviaries consist of multiple...

Automated assessment of health and welfare in commercial broiler chicken flocks using optical flow

Assessing the health and welfare of growing broiler chickens is mainly done post mortem, using measures taken at the slaughter plant (% birds with...

Bacillus Subtilis improves performance of broilers fed medicated or non-medicated feed

Animal digestive health is key to obtain optimal performance. Antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) have long been shown to be very effective to develop and...

Understanding poultry lighting

A short guide to poultry lighting for layer farmers

Avian Reovirus associated with Viral Arthritis/Tenosynovitis

Turkey viral arthritis/tenosynovitis resembled viral arthritis in chickens and also had kind of reovirus aetiology.

Understanding poultry lighting – Different light sources

The value of regulating the photoperiod of poultry and livestock to stimulate reproduction has been recognized for many years and is used regularly by...

Fatty acid composition of breast and thigh meat from light and heavy broilers

Determining the effects of broiler slaughter weight on fatty acid content might be beneficial to practical applications to produce broiler meat with the quality requested by consumers.

In vivo digestion of GM proteins in laying hens

Despite all of the positive effects of modern technologies to improve corn and soybean yields, the consumer often has a different perception of the...

Nutrient loading on free-range layer farming

A considerable proportion of the dietary nutrients consumed by poultry are excreted in the manure. This becomes an important issue on free-range farms, if...

SKA alternative layers farming

SKA of Italy offers a wide range of solutions for layer farming, ranging from aviary systems to communal nesting systems. Each one proven and tested to deliver excellent field results.

The Salmonella initiative

An enduring challenge and reputational issue for the egg industry is caused by the presence of Salmonella enterica serovars (particularly some Typhimurium serotypes), which...

Avian Mycoplasma Control – Central For Antibiotic Independent Production

The effects of avian mycoplasma infections are overt disease (often chronic), subclinical losses and antibiotic dependence. Routine administration of antibiotics in broilers at 18-22...

Water holding capacity in poultry breast meat

Water holding capacity (WHC) is defined as the ability of meat to hold its inherent and added moisture during fabrication, processing, and storage.

Newcastle Disease

Unfortunately, ND disease cannot be differentiated from infectious bronchitis and some of the other respiratory infections, except by laboratory methods. So it is very difficult to recognize it at first sight. There is no treatment for it but Good “biosecurity” practices will help reduce the possibility of exposure to the virus.

“BALTIKA”: guaranteed comfort for laying hens

TEXHA housing alternative system BALTIKA meets all the European requirements and has already been implemented by the European poultry farms

Managing commercial layers for a single lay cycle

The rearing phase of a laying hen’s life is essential to achieve the maximum genetic potential. Uniform pullets meeting target body weights will have the frame and bone structure necessary to produce large numbers of high quality eggs.

Fear in turkeys, implications for productivity and wellbeing

From an evolutionary standpoint, fear is an adaptive response that promotes survival by enabling animals to avoid injury and death. Because of the important impact that fear has on animal well-being, fear has formed the basis of many scientific studies and is included as part of welfare assessment programs such as the Welfare Quality Assessment Protocol for poultry.

Poultry welfare, health and efficiency in production

Is there any place for animal welfare in a world concerned with providing enough food for humans, mitigating climate change and trying to preserve biodiversity? This is the key question the poultry industry needs to face in the next years.

Optimal outdoor stocking density in free-range hens

Consumer concern for laying hen welfare is leading to an increase in alternative housing systems that provide valued resources designed to cater to hens’...

Raising Broilers Antibiotic-Free

Best management practices are a key component in raising chicken without antibiotic with more attention to details of production and biosecurity.

Review of different day-old chick quality parameters in layer type breeds – Part 2

Introduction The aim of every commercial layer hatchery is a maximum hatchability of first quality chicks. The evaluation of chick quality in the hatchery provides...

Feed Conversion Ratio optimized for farmer profit

The farmers’ cost for animal feed is one of the main expenditures consisting of 60-70% of the overall producer costs. These producer costs are...

Windrowing properly done

Windrowing litter between flocks has been used commercially since the 1980’s and continues to evolve to meet numerous production challenges. The goal is to...

Poultry welfare and performance of laying hens in alternative housing systems

The transition from conventional cages to furnished cages and non-cage systems in the European Union has resulted in increased space per bird and access to nests, perches and litter.

The relationship between feed particle size, gizzard development and broiler performance

Anatomy of the stomach The stomach of the chicken consists of two chambers, the proventriculus or glandular stomach and the gizzard or muscular stomach. The...

Improving energy costs and air quality in poultry farms

Efficient heating allows farmers to bring more fresh air into the barn and maintain a better air quality with lower ammonia and moisture levels, which will greatly benefit birds’ health and food quality.

Monitoring and prevention to control poultry red mite – dermanyssus gallinae – in organic...

Dermanyssus gallinae is highly relevant with respect to both animal welfare and economics in laying hen housing. Here a study on monitoring and prevention of poultry red mite in organic layer farms is aimed at solving this poultry issue.

Turkey breeder health: New welfare challenges and demands

The health of turkey breeders is critical to ensure the economic production of high quality fertile hatching eggs to produce poults which can be raised without antibiotics.

Optimal fat utilisation by Intra Liposol at broilers

It is difficult - especially for young animals - to optimally digest the range of fats and oils in the diet. This leads to...

Effects of light intensity on broiler welfare, productivity and leg health

Researchers investigated the welfare implications of behavioural changes induced by varying light programs. Here the effects of light intensity on broiler welfare and productivity are reported.

Housing systems in laying hen husbandry- First part

A status report This analysis is an abridged version of a report which the author prepared for the International Egg Commission (IEC) in London, UK. In...

Hatchery waste management

There are various options for hatchery managers to convert their waste into value-added products such as compost, fertilizer, liming agents for soil amendment, biogas, medical products, and animal feed. This article explores some of these options.

The effect of on-range insect feeding on range usage of free range laying hens

In Australia, on-range feeding of free-range laying hens can be frequently observed and is especially common in mobile sheds. While the biosecurity risk of...

Free-range broilers behavioural time budgets: inside and outside of the shed

The demand for free-range chicken meat is increasing. Free-range products are usually perceived as more welfare friendly by consumers and particularly fulfil the belief that the ability to perform natural behaviour leads to better welfare.

Feed borne mycotoxins: the threat to poultry?

Mycotoxins are metabolites produced by molds (fungi) that can infest crops pre-harvest and can continue to flourish under sub-optimal storage conditions. Grains with high...

Evaluating phosphorous equivalency of phytases

The use of exogenous enzymes in non-ruminant nutrition is a valuable tool to increase digestibility and therefore spare the inclusion of expensive nutrients whilst...

STEPS for the prevention of cross-contamination in the hatchery

How to properly prevent cross-contamination in the hatchery. Here some easy steps to achieve a better biosecurity in your hatchery.

Incubation temperature and how it influences chick hatch time and bone ash

With commercial broilers spending up to 30% of their lifespan in the egg, incubation temperature has been linked to some leg weakness issues. The...

Flexible Feed Formulation with GALLIPRO

Facing challenging goals The goal of the poultry industry is to provide consumers with safe food, while promoting poultry health and welfare, in addition to carefully...

A brief review of drivers for change in the poultry free-range housing

Free-range layer housing has grown quickly in the past 10 years. A review was undertaken to identify some of the key drivers for change in the free-range poultry industry. The drivers identified were food safety, biosecurity, bird health, retailer and consumer demand, global influences and sustainability.

Rendering: an important aspect of sustainability

At the International Rendering Symposium, held in conjunction with the 2017 International Production & Processing Expo in Atlanta, Ga, it was stressed how rendering is an important aspect of sustainability. Animal agriculture in general is more sustainable with rendering processes.

Officine Facco: alternative systems for “cage free” layers

Facco offers practical, economical and environmentally-friendly solutions for the world wide poultry industry through a complete line of poultry cutting-edge technology equipment.

Using more bioavailable sources of trace minerals pays off

A study of broiler breeder performance was conducted using three separate minerals programmes. The objective was to determine if productivity could be maintained at...

ProHealth, new solutions for animal health and production sustainability

The ProHealth project is focused on understanding the multi-factorial dimension of animal pathologies linked to production and use this to develop, evaluate and disseminate effective control strategies to reduce impact.

Poultry litter pasteurisation

Heaping of used poultry litter reliably induces significant elevations in temperature due to the actions of variety of aerobic bacteria and fungi. Temperatures typically...

Chick quality monitoring and diagnostics

Evaluation of chick quality in the hatchery and mortality in the field can be used to identify general problem areas: the incubator, the hatcher, or the environment after hatch.

Immunogenic ingredients in poultry

Among the various immunogenic ingredients, β-mannanase can improve live performance and uniformity in broilers.

Hatchability of eggs placed with small end up

What happens when the eggs are placed with the air cell down? This report examines the hatchability of eggs placed with small end up.

An innovation for managing broiler breeder pullets: precision feeding

Precision feeding is about providing the right amount of feed to the right bird at the right time. The precision broiler breeder feeding system developed at the University of Alberta is a sequential feeding system that considers whether one bird at a time qualifies for feed.

A practical interpretation of physiological zero in hatchery management

On the farm, the eggs cool down after laying and are either transported on the same day or stored for a few days before...

Breeding for robustness in turkeys

Turkey breeders have invested in selection methodologies to ensure the commercial cross is capable of delivering outstanding performance with good welfare under a variety...

Jansen Poultry Equipment: the perfect solution for cage-free egg production

Consumers demand for cage-free egg production is growing worldwide. Europe already adopted cage free egg production systems and it seems that the US is following rapidly starting with Oregon, Washington. Also in New Zealand and Australia animal welfare is a main topic of discussion.

Stork Nuova CoreTech poultry evisceration

Marel Poultry is global supplier of innovative inline poultry processing equipment for broilers, turkeys and ducks, providing solutions for all process stages and all capacity levels. Now Marel Poultry developed the Stork Nuova CoreTech eviscerator to operate in emerging markets or in markets with specific or religious requirements.



Welfare problems of laying hens in Europe

Reviewing the state of knowledge on the most important welfare issues in layers housing: stocking density and group size, use of perches, litter, nests and free range.

Feeding low protein diets to meat chickens: effects on emissions of toxic and odorous...

Feeding low protein diets formulated to provide all the required amino acids without excesses may reduce putrefaction and therefore the production of toxic and odorous metabolites in the hindgut and litter.

A new double choice model developed in laying hens reveals high preference for L-Alanine

It has been well established that nutrient deficiencies or imbalances increase the risk of feather pecking in layer hens (Kjaer and Bessei, 2013). Marginal...

Alternative systems from SPECHT

In compliance with all the current national and European legal requirements, Specht has developed three different layers housing systems which are able to meet all poultry farmers’s needs.

Poultry litter quality: investigating the interrelationship between litter moisture content, pH, water activity and...

Wet litter is a recognized issue in commercial poultry production and litter quality has come under great scrutiny with the introduction of farming scheme...

The role of feed additives in the protozoal diseases in poultry

Coccidiosis and histomoniasis are economically significant diseases in chickens and turkeys. Management, vaccination and medication are key tools in the control of these diseases...

Managing CO2 in the setter

CO2 – the by-product of embryo metabolism - is commonly monitored and measured in hatcheries to provide profiles for adjusting ventilation during incubation.

The role of genetics in breeder selection

Geneticists making selection decisions actively pursue those birds that are genetically superior for key traits that influence their welfare.

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Healthy water, healthy birds

Dr. Susan Watkins, Samantha Cox and Pramir Maharjan Center of Excellence for Poultry Science Division of Agriculture University of Arkansas Since birds consume as much water...