Holistic view of intestinal health in poultry

Intestinal health is necessary to maintain efficient and sustainable gastrointestinal tract (GIT) physiology. The GIT has digestive, absorptive, metabolic, immunological and endocrinological functions. This means...

Dietary starch influences performance of broiler chickens offered low-protein diets

This study suggests that there is interference between the digestion of starch and protein and/or absorption of glucose and amino acids. Paradoxically, the low-protein...

The broiler chicken as a signal of a human reconfigured biosphere

Part 2 The second part* in the series of two wich analyses the anthropological impact of the chicken from an archaeological/historical point of view: broilers...

The broiler chicken as a signal of a human reconfigured biosphere

Part 1 The first part in the series of two wich analyses the anthropological impact of the chicken from an archaeological/historical point of view: broilers...

Better nutrition for improved animal health

The International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) underlined its commitment to supporting efforts by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) to strengthen animal health...

Algae products in organic poultry diets

Algae, “the not so new kid on the block” has been used in both human and animal diets dating back centuries. There is a...

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccines produced in eggs have unpredictable mutations

Scientists at The Pirbright Institute have shown that infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccines produced in eggs have unpredictable mutations which may be prone to...

Transcriptomic modifications caused by subclinical necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens

Phasing out of in-feed antibiotics in the poultry industry has caused necrotic enteritis (NE) to become a primary concern in commercial poultry production in...

Eco-friendly heating for efficient poultry breeding

The new standards for commercial poultry breeding have been requiring more sustainable, efficient and cleaner technologies. Along with it, the organic poultry production is...

Measuring egg shell quality

Maintaining egg shell quality is important for maximizing production of broiler chicks from breeders as shell quality and hatchability go hand in hand. Thin...

Two critical points in the rearing of Hubbard premium pullets

Achieving good uniformity is not the biggest challenge during the rearing period of Hubbard Premium breeder females. Because they take a fairly long time...

Development and evaluation of probiotics

As restrictions to antibiotic growth promoters (AGP) have become more prevalent, producers have turned to several technologies as probiotics - Direct Fed Microbials to...

Quality Control Audits of killed vaccination

Vaccination programs for breeders and egg layers include procedures with inactivated vaccines. Killed (inactivated) vaccines are used to prevent disease in the vaccinated bird...

World Veterinary Day – celebrating the value of vaccination

The theme of this year’s World Veterinary Day – celebrated April, 27th – was Value of Vaccination. To celebrate it, some of the vaccinology...

Diagnostic strategies for the control of avian Mycoplasmas

Mycoplasmas are bacteria without the cell wall which cause infections in poultry especially at respiratory and articular level.They are the smallest single-celled organisms found...

Animal breeding reduces environmental impacts

Results of a study show that breeding reduces environmental impacts of animal products by about 1% per year. This is achieved without specific selection...

Does the external climate matter?

The optimum climate parameters for embryo development – temperature, humidity, and the balance between oxygen supply and carbon dioxide release from the incubator –...

Low protein diets down regulate hepatic enzymes

Low protein (LP) diets have clear benefits for the poultry industry with regards to health, welfare and production. Dean et al., (2006) found that...

Heat stress causes inhibition of Eimeria replication in broilers

Eimeria infection is one of the most important diseases affecting poultry production, and is characterized by bloody or watery diarrhea, weight loss, poor feed...

Minimizing antibiotic use in broiler production

Many countries are being asked to reduce or eliminate antibiotic use in poultry, due to growing concerns about the use of antibiotics in food-producing...

On farm slaughter

Commercial on farm slaughter could eliminate many potential animal welfare issues associated with cooping, transport, dumping, and shackling of live broilers. However, concerns regarding...

Raising turkeys without antibiotics

Alternative management – paying attention to detail and supportive care strategies can be utilized to produce turkeys without antibiotics in this new era.Dr. Steven...

Considerations for a better quality of chicks

During the incubation period, embryonic growth and development are affected by different factors, as breeder age, the incubation temperature and the availability of egg...

Future of coccidiosis management in turkeys

Coccidiosis is a disease that is caused by protozoan parasites that develop within the intestine of most domestic and wild animals and birds. Coccidia...

Advantages and disadvantages of Coccidiosis control programs in poultry

Coccidiosis is a protozoan economic disease of poultry, in which around 80% of losses are due to mortality, reduced weight gain, inefficient feed conversion,...

Essential oils – Opportunities to improve food safety in organic poultry production and processing.

Organic poultry – A growing sector with challengesPoultry is the most widely available organic meat in the U.S. and predicted to have increased consumer...

Rethink the golden rules of incubation

Your incubation results might be affected by a lack of accuracy in the rules you’re applying. The rules of incubation have been derived from...

Gut health in layers

To some extent gut health has not been a focus of commercial pullet and layer flocks unless the problem contributed to a significant mortality...

The importance of fresh air

Vostermans Ventilation is addressing the need for even distribution of fair and heat in the poultry house, to obtain an optimal uniform microclimate on...

Backyard poultry flocks Salmonella spp. seroprevalence

As backyard poultry grows as a hobby in the United States there is an increased worry that poultry will become infected with Salmonella spp....

Farmers’ perceived importance of biosecurity practices and actual performance on farm

It is prudent in today’s age that farmers uphold high-level compliance of biosecurity practices on Australian commercial chicken farms. This is especially so with...

Holistic view of intestinal health in poultry

The intestinal health of poultry has broad implications for the systemic health of birds, animal welfare, the production efficiency of flocks, food safety, and...

The potential of perinatal nutrition

Based on Darwin’s theory of adaptive evolution and Mendel’s fundamental laws of heritability, breeding and genetic selection for increased growth rate and meat yield...

Investigating diseases affecting poultry production

Severe diseases such as highly pathogenic avian influenza and velogenic Newcastle disease are still a concern for poultry producers and government agencies alike. Companies...

Breeding for a sustainable industry

As a breeding company, there is a misconception that we only select for traits that have a clear, direct economic impact: selection for increased...

Understanding resistance to different Infectious Bronchitis virus genotypes

In previous experiments, we have challenged major histocompatibility complex (MHC) congenic chicken lines available at UC Davis with an infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) M41...

Can xylanase inhibitors affect the efficacy of xylanases in poultry diets?

Xylanase inhibitors are reported to be widely present in cereals, and can influence the assay of supplemental xylanases in feeds.In the present study, a...

What happens during transfer?

Why chicks can’t set and hatch in the same incubator and need transfer.At the point chicks hatch, they create a lot of fluff and...

10 alerting signs of poor ventilation

Proper ventilation is basic in poultry farming as it reduces mortality, stimulates early feed intake, improves flock uniformity, and ensures an adequate temperature regulation. Here...

Training the animal microbiome to degrade fibre with NSPase

A new perspective on the mode of action of fibre-degrading enzymes NSPase.Increased understanding of NSPase mode of action is presenting a new perspective on...

Impact of layer alternative systems on management and production costs

The use of alternative systems in layer farming has increased in the commercial egg industry due to pressure arising from consumers concerns about hen...

Salmonella control in broiler breeders

Today, our goal is to control and eliminate all Salmonella species and pathogens from the breeding program. The ability of the primary breeder to...

Improvement of chilling efficiency and product quality of broiler carcasses using sub-zero saline solutions

Carcass chilling in subzero saline solutions has not been studied enough although it can transfer the carcasses temperature to the chilling media in an...

How a single Avian Influenza protein can increase period of infection

New research led by scientists at The Pirbright Institute has shown how an Avian Infuenza a virus protein, called PB1-F2, is able to shut...

Pre-Placement checklist

Pre-placement house preparation should be part of a proper management to ensure future performance of broilers and farm profitability.The following checklist displays the...

Blackhead disease: development of molecular tests and an in vitro assay to identify reservoirs...

This research project developed diagnostic assays needed for advancing the understanding of blackhead disease. The article shows clearly how the disease most likely spreads...

Improving poultry products safety

The research is part of the Association’s comprehensive research program encompassing all phases of poultry and egg production and processing.Dr. Hong Zhuang at...

The effects of a multi-enzyme and Bacillus probiotic combinations on calcium and phosphorus digestibility...

450 day-old male Ross 308 chicks were randomly allocated to 3 dietary treatments with 6 replicate pens per treatment and 25 birds per pen....

Engineering vaccines for multiple strains of IBV

In new work funded by a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) researchers at The Pirbright Institute and The Roslin Institute have published...

UK Veterinary Vaccinology Network

Veterinary researchers from around the world came together at this year’s joint UK & International Veterinary Vaccinology Network Conference on the 9-10 January 2019...

Alternative systems: pros and cons

Alternative production systems of cage-free or range egg production are increasing in number due to outside influences. The outside constituents forcing this growth are...

Mycotoxins in turkeys

Toxin production requires the presence of a mould, a suitable substrate and a suitable environment. If a mould is present, toxin production is influenced...

Research shows nutritional effects of Coccidiosis vaccination

A funded research project on Coccidiosis was completed at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, Arkansas, that shows the nutritional effects of coccidiosis vaccination. Project...

Frontiers in human and veterinary antibody discovery

The Pirbright Institute hosted the inaugural Comparative Veterinary Immunology Group (CVIG) meeting Frontiers in Human and Veterinary Antibody discovery on 26 and 27 November,...

Gut health and Coccidiosis

In poultry, gut health is fundamental and the gastrointestinal tract accounts for twenty percent of the energy expenditure of the whole body. This energy...

Biosecurity. Cleaning and disinfection on an organic poultry farm

All who work or visit poultry farms must adhere to the guidance of the farm management when it comes to biosecurity protocols.There are...

Dietary calcium, phytate and non-phytate phosphorus, on IP6 degradation in broilers

The effectiveness of phytase is usually determined under phosphorus or both calcium and phosphorus deficient specifications. Phytase efficacy in terms of increasing available or...

Feeding management of broiler breeders

Modern strains of fast-growing broilers have been selected for fast growth, feed efficiency and high feed intake, and broilers are processed once they achieve...

Antioxidants in broiler breeder diets can affect offspring performance

In a series of experiments, it was shown that antioxidants in broiler breeder diets can affect broiler performance trans-generationally. To study this, a polyphenol...

Management of slow growing broilers for profit

Chicken is consumed in larger quantities than either beef or pork largely due to its relatively low fat and high protein content when compared...

The ability of meat chickens to extract energy from wheat

The apparent metabolisable energy (MJ/kg dry matter) values for wheats were determined in two conventional energy balance experiments on meat chickens. A blend of...

Nutritional implications of antibiotic free rearing of broilers

The gradual reduction in the use of AGP coincided with an increase in the therapeutic use of antibiotics on farm level. Especially in broiler...

Breast meat quality affected by wooden myopathy

Wooden breast (WB) is a myopathy that affects meat quality traits in modern broilers and it has been associated with an increased BW gain...

NSP enzymes, gut microbiota and fermentation products

Arabinoxylans account for 50-70% of the NSP feed enzymes present in cereal grains and make up the majority of cell wall NSP in corn,...

Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT) outbreaks in laying hens in Konya province

Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) epidemic cases characterized with respiratory symptoms, hemorrhagic tracheitis and laryngitis findings were identified in laying hen’s enterprises in Konya province.Ten Lohman-breed...

Impact of grain type on performance in broilers under Necrotic Enteritis challenge

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of grain type on performance and gut microbiota composition in broiler chickens under a...

Light intensity preferences of broiler chickens in farms

There has been a growing interest in the relationship between light intensity and welfare for commercial broiler chickens. A choice approach was employed to...

Impact of stress on feather cover of laying hens

Feather pecking is a behavior in which individual laying hens peck repetitively at the plumage of conspecifics, causing poor feather. Although FP can be...

Does negative pressure created by exhaust fans affect poultry?

Most poultry are raised in houses that use a negative pressure ventilation systems to aid in maintaining air quality, house temperature, and air movement....

Genetic selection in layers

Close to 10 years ago, Hendrix Genetics Layers started remodeling their breeding program. A range of restructuring activities, directly affecting the breeding operations made...

Foodborne pathogens in poultry production

Foodborne pathogens continue as a considerable threat to public health. Intensification of livestock production, especially poultry, facilitates diseases transmission by increasing population size and...

Low protein diets in broilers

Some recent research at the Arkansas Agriculture Experiment Station Poultry Research Farm has been focused on low protein diets in broilers. Many nutritionists rely...

Vaccination of turkey breeders to control Salmonella

Salmonella continues to be a top food safety concern for the turkey industry, the USDA, and the consumer. Salmonella bacteria are the most frequently...

Wet litter. Factors associated with the shed micro-environment and litter properties

Wet litter in meat chicken sheds occurs as the result of multiple, interrelated causes. This paper discusses some of the sources of water in...

Challenges in poultry feeding

Poultry producers around the world continue to struggle with high production costs for poultry feeding, largely due to volatility in prices for basic feed...

Nutritional strategies against pathogens in poultry

Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni are the two major foodborne pathogens transmitted through poultry products. Since chickens are the reservoir hosts of these pathogens,...

Timing is everything in early feeding

Early feeding is now a critical point. When using nature as a reference to what are the optimum requirements of the day-old chick, we...

Evaluation of factors that affect susceptibility and control of reovirus-induced viral arthritis in broiler...

The USPOULTRY Foundation announces the completion of a funded research project at AviServe LLC in Newark, Del. (USA), that has revealed a new tool for...

Automatic laying nests require good management

Martin Barten, senior hatchery specialist form Pas Reform Hatchery Technologies, tells his experience about a good management of the automatic laying nests.“Pas Reform’s involvement...

Reducing water usage in turkey processing

Virginia Poultry recently installed several liquid/solids separation screens for reducing water usage in its turkey feather and offal processing. The two new primary and...

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